Through the wonders of science, infertile couples who were previously unable to bear children, due to reasons such as blocked fallopian tubes, low sperm count, low egg quantities or advanced age of the mother, are now able to conceive through in-vitro fertilization. The results are babies known as test-tube babies which are technically conceived outside the womb.

IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)IVF-Fertility
In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) is one of the most widely used procedures which is also known as ‘Test Tube Baby’. It is a procedure, wherein the eggs from the woman and the sperms from the male are fertilized outside the body and then placed back inside the woman under favourable conditions.

Ivf Treatment Procedure in India
There are five basic steps to IVF:
Step 1: Stimulation, also called super ovulation
Medicines, commonly called fertility drugs, are given to the woman to boost her egg production. Normally, a woman produces one egg per month. Fertility drugs tell the ovaries to produce several eggs. During this step, the woman will have regular transvaginal ultrasounds to examine the ovaries and blood tests to check hormone levels.
Step 2: Egg retrieval
A minor surgery, called follicular aspiration, is done to remove the eggs from the woman’ s body. The surgery is normally done as an outpatient procedure in the doctor’ s office. The woman will be given medicines so she does not feel pain during the procedure. Using ultrasound images as a guide, the health care provider inserts a thin needle through the vagina and into the ovary and sacs (follicles) containing the eggs. The needle is connected to a suction device, which pulls the eggs and fluid out of each follicle, one at a time. The procedure is repeated for the other ovary. The woman may have some cramping after the surgery, but it usually goes away within a day. In rare cases, a pelvic laparoscopy may be needed to remove the eggs.
Step 3: Insemination and Fertilization
The man’ s sperm is placed together with the best quality eggs and stored in an environmentally controlled chamber. The mixing of the sperm and egg is called insemination. The sperm usually enters (fertilizes) an egg a few hours after insemination. If the doctor thinks the chance of fertilization is low, the laboratory staff may directly inject the sperm into the egg. This is called intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). Many fertility programs routinely do ICSI on some of the eggs even if everything is normal.

Step 4: Embryo culture
When the fertilized egg divides, it becomes an embryo. Laboratory staff will regularly check the embryo to make sure it is growing properly. Within about 5 days, a normal embryo has several cells that are actively dividing.
Step 5: Embryo transfer
Embryos are placed into the woman’ s womb 3 – 5 days after egg retrieval and fertilization. The procedure is done in the doctor’ s office while the woman is awake. The doctor inserts a thin tube (catheter) containing the embryos into the woman’ s vagina, through the cervix, and up into the womb. If an embryo sticks to (implants) in the lining of the womb and grows, pregnancy results.


More than one embryo may be placed into the womb at the same time, which can lead to twins, triplets, or more. The exact number of embryos transferred is a complex issue that depends on many factors, especially the woman’ s age. Unused embryos may be frozen and implanted or donated at a later date.


Why the Procedure Is Performed:
IVF is done to help a woman become pregnant. It is used to treat many causes of infertility, including:

  •     Advanced age of the woman
  •     Damaged or blocked fallopian tubes (can be caused by pelvic inflammatory disease or prior reproductive surgery)
  •     Endometriosis
  •     Male factor infertility, including decreased sperm count and blockage
  •     Unexplained infertility

Fertility Services includes:
–Advanced Laparoscopy Hysteroscopy Services
–Egg Donation
–Third Party Reproduction
–Weight Loss – Support Program
–Patient Support Program
Compared to other foreign countries, the fertility treatments are carried out at affordable rate in India.


Maaruthi Fertility Centre, Erode, India offers advanced IVF fertility treatment at affordable rate.

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